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Trance


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MORE ABOUT Trance

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DEFINITION

DEFINITION


La Trance est un genre au tempo assez rapide, qui se caractrise par une recherche de lignes mlodiques rptitives et d'harmoniques* planantes obtenues laide de divers effets.

Elle tire son nom du fait qu'elle tend altrer la perception sensorielle de l'auditeur pour le transporter dans un tat de transe.


Trance is a genre with a pretty quick tempo, which is characterized by a research for repetitive melodic lines and floating harmonic* chords obtained using various effects.

Its name derives from the fact that it tends to affect the sensory perception of the listener in order to carry him in a state of trance.


STRUCTURE GENERALE

GENERAL STRUCTURE


Son tempo schelonne pour une grande majorit entre 125 et 150 bpm.

Ses phrases mlodiques longues de 32 beats (8 mesures de 4 temps), ont une structure 4/4 et un kick* marqu chaque beat, avec parfois un hit sur le contretemps*. En revanche il ny a pas de snare* sur les 2e et 4e temps comme en Electro House. On peut quand mme trouver des build up* agrments de snares pour en augmenter l'effet ascensionnel.

D'un point de vu instrumental, la Trance se reconnait par des arpges daccords rapides et rverbrs sur une tonalit mineure. On note globalement une certaine progressivit d'entre des instruments par couches successives.


Its tempo ranges for a large majority from 125 to 150 bpm.

Its 32-beats-long melodic phrases (8 measures of 4 beats), have a 4/4 structure and a kick* scored atevery beat, sometimes with a hit hat on the half-beat*. However there is no snare* on the 2nd nore the 4th time like in Electro House. We can still find build ups* embellished with snares to increase the up-lifting effect.

From an instrumental point of view, the Trance is recognized by rapid arpeggios and reverberated chords on a minor key. We can notice some progressivity in the way instruments are added: in successive layers.


PROVENANCE

ORIGIN


Lors du Second Summer of Love au Royaume Unis en 1988, certains morceaux d'Acid House jusqu'alors jous dans les rave party ont t rtrospectivement rapprochs de la Trance. On citera les pices de KLF notamment What Time Is Love, 3am Eternal ou encore Kylie Said Trance et Last Train To Trancentral.

Mais ce sont vritablement The Age Of Love du groupe ponyme et We Came In Peace de Dance 2 Trance qui se disputent la paternit du genre.

La ville de Francfort, en Allemagne, est souvent cite comme le lieu de naissance de la Trance, notamment par l'intermdiaire du club : "Dorian Gray".

Paralllement, Goa en Inde, se dveloppe un mouvement de Trance underground* appel Psytrance (cf. sous-genres) ou trance psychdlique.


During the Second Summer of Love in the United States in 1988, some pieces of Acid House previously played in the rave were retrospectively close to Trance. Parts KLF including "What Time Is Love," "3am Eternal" or "Kylie Said Trance" and "Last Train To Trancentral" is mentioned.

But it is truly "The Age Of Love" and the eponymous group "We Came In Peace" Dance 2 Trance disputing paternity of the genre.

The city of Frankfurt, Germany, is often cited as the birthplace of trance, including through the club: "Dorian Gray"

. Meanwhile, in Goa, India, is developing a movement of underground Trance Psytrance * called (cf. sub-genres) or psychedelic trance.


ARTISTES PRECURSEURS

PRECURSOR ARTISTS


KLF, The Age Of Love, Dance 2 Trance, D-Shake, Futur Sound Of London, Jam & Spoon, Energy 52, Quench.


KLF, The Age Of Love, Dance 2 Trance, D-Shake, Futur Sound Of London, Jam & Spoon, Energy 52, Quench.


SOUS-GENRES

SUBGENRES


- L' Acid Trance : mlange dAcid House et de Techno, reprenant les caractristiques de la Trance classique dans le but de crer un effet hypnotique.

- La Psytrance : ne de la rencontre entre les hippies, les DJ anglais d'Acid House et les jeunes soldats israliens qui passaient leurs vacances sur les plages de Goa en Inde, aprs leur service militaire. Elle se caractrise par le mlange de boucles acidules, de rythmes rapides et de longues nappes synthtiques, parfois accompagns de chants mystiques hindous. Les morceaux sont assez longs et ont un tempo allant parfois jusqua 160 bpm. Elle est depuis les annes 1990 rgulirement joue en rave party et en festivals, et reste toujours aussi populaire de nos jours.

- L' Uplifting Trance : trance qui fait monter au plus haut ltat motionnel de lauditeur. Elle est caractrise par de longs breaks mlodiques et planants, mais aussi par un beat nergique. On comprend le terme 'uplifting' ("levant vers le haut", joli plonasme) travers ses build up pouvant durer plusieurs minutes, partant d'un lead trs calme et instrumentalement simple, pour mener un drop trs riche en harmoniques.

- La Tech Trance : style rcent, croisement entre les rythmes percutants et complexes de la Techno, les lignes de basse de lAcid House et les mlodies 'uplifting' ou plus lectronises de la Trance. Son tempo est assez rapide 135-142bpm. Les voix y sont peu utilises.

- L' Electro Trance : petit nouveau de la Trance, il est un mlange de Tech Trance, avec un ct progressif et surtout des sonorits empruntes l'Electro House, notamment la Complextro par la notion de glitching*.

- La Progressive Trance : elle reprend les sonorits de la Progressive House au timbre plus doux et plus, comme le fait l'Electro Trance avec l'Electro House.

- La Progressive Psytrance : fusion de Progressive Trance et de Psytrance, ayant permis une dmocratisation franche du style Psytrance : en tant moins abrupte et moins exprimental.

- La Hard Trance : sons de Trance sur un kick* plus dur, plus distordu (cf. Hardcore).

- La Vocal Trance : style qui met laccent sur les jeux de voix et la mlodie du chant.

- La Nu Trance : rassemble les tracks mlant un beat minimal Tech House, des melodies de Trance et une ambiance obscure. D'o son surmnom de 'Dark Trance'.

- La Neo Trance : associe la Deep House et la Techno Minimale, il s'agit d'un genre trs exprimental et underground (peu rpandu).


- Acid Trance: Acid House mix and Techno, with the characteristics of the classic Trance in order to create a hypnotic effect.

- Psytrance : born of the encounter between hippies, English DJ Acid House and young Israeli soldiers who were vacationing on the beaches of Goa in India after their military service. It is characterized by the mixture of tangy loops, fast rhythms and long synthetic layers, sometimes accompanied by Hindu mystic songs. The songs are long enough and have a tempo sometimes up to 160 bpm. She's since the 1990s regularly played raves and festivals, and remains as popular today.

- Uplifting Trance: trance that raises the highest emotional state of the listener. It is characterized by long melodic and spacey breaks, but also by a strong beat. We understand the term 'uplifting' ("climbing up" pretty redundant) through its build up which can last several minutes, starting from a very quiet and instrumentally lead single, to lead to a very rich harmonic drop.

- Tech Trance : New style, a cross between percussive and complex rhythms of Techno basslines of Acid House and melodies 'uplifting' or more lectronises Trance. His tempo is fast enough 135-142bpm. The voices are rarely used.

- Electro Trance: new kid Trance, it is a blend of Tech Trance, with a progressive edge and especially sounds borrowed to Electro House , including the Complextro by the notion of glitching. *

- Progressive Trance: it takes the sounds of House the softer and timbre, as does the Electro Trance with the Electro House.

- Progressive Psytrance: fusion of Progressive Trance and Psy, who allowed a free Psytrance democratization of style: being less steep and less experimental

. - Hard Trance: Trance sounds a * kick harder, more distorted (cf. Hardcore)

. - Vocal Trance: style that focuses on games of voice and the melody of the song

. - Nu Trance: brings together tracks that mix minimal beat Tech House, Trance melodies and a dark atmosphere. Hence his surmnom of 'Dark Trance'.

- Neo Trance: associated with the Deep House and Techno Minimal, this is a very experimental and underground genre (uncommon).


ARTISTES MAJEURS

MAJOR ARTISTS


- de Progressive Trance : ATB, Paul Van Dyk, Ferry Corsten, Chicane, Marcel Wood.

- de Psytrance : Goa Gil, Juno Reactor, Man With No Name, Raja Ram & The Infinity Project, Astral Projection, Total Eclipse, Hallucinogen, Etnica, X-Dream, Astral Projection, Transwave, Paul Oakenfold, Infected Mushroom, Talamasca, Miranda, Blue Planet Corporation.

- d' Uplifting Trance : Armin van buuren, Sash!, Aly & Fila.

- de Progressive Trance : Tiesto, Above & Beyond, Markus Schulz, Andy Moor, gareth emery.

- de Tech Trance : W&W, Marco V, John OCallaghan, Ben Gold, Ummet Ozcan, Simon Patterson.

- d' Electro Trance : Sander Van Doorn, Rank 1, Cosmic Gate, Lange, B T, Julian Jordan.


- in Progressive Trance : ATB, Paul Van Dyk, Ferry Corsten, Chicane, Marcel Wood.

- in Psytrance : Goa Gil, Juno Reactor, Man With No Name, Raja Ram & The Infinity Project, Astral Projection, Total Eclipse, Hallucinogen, Etnica, X-Dream, Astral Projection, Transwave, Paul Oakenfold, Infected Mushroom, Talamasca, Miranda, Blue Planet Corporation.

- in Uplifting Trance : Armin van buuren, Sash!, Aly & Fila.

- in Progressive Trance : Tiesto, Above & Beyond, Markus Schulz, Andy Moor, gareth emery.

- in Tech Trance : W&W, Marco V, John OCallaghan, Ben Gold, Ummet Ozcan, Simon Patterson.

- in Electro Trance : Sander Van Doorn, Rank 1, Cosmic Gate, Lange, B T, Julian Jordan.