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Chill Out


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MORE ABOUT Chill Out

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DEFINITION

DEFINITION


Chill provient de largot anglais signifiant se relaxer . Sous ce terme sont regroups tous les genres de musique lectronique caractriss par un style moelleux, de tempo moyen. On le dcrit aussi comme la douce techno ou llectronique calme .

(!) : A ne pas confondre avec le terme electronica qui dsigne au sens large la musique lectronique vise plus exprimentale, par opposition lEDM (Electronic Dance Music) sur laquelle on danse.


The term "chill" comes from the English slang meaning "relax." Under this heading are grouped all genres of electronic music characterized by a soft medium tempo style. It is also described as "soft techno" or "quiet electronic."

(!): Not to be confused with the term "electronica", which refers to the wider electronic music more experimental targeted, as opposed to the EDM (Electronic Dance Music) on which we dance.


STRUCTURE GENERALE

GENERAL STRUCTURE


Le Chill Out est globalement doux et relaxant (moins intense que les musiques dont il est inspir), mais nest pas pour autant dpourvu de sonorits psychdliques.

Son tempo schelonne de 80 110 bpm de faon prdominante, mais peut galement monter jusqu 130 bpm dans certaines formes de Trip hop (cf. sous genres).


This genre is born in the 90s in the "chill-out rooms" night clubs, for the dancers to rest between two passages in the main room.

Originally, these "chill-out rooms" went popularity in the clubs of England, including Manchester Konspiracy in the 80s years. These filled with comfortable sofas and cousins ??rooms, psychedelic lights were illuminated ambiances an intentionally slow music to contrast with the dance floor.
In fact in 1992, a law in England forced the clubs to fill these chill-out rooms in response to an increase in serious injuries and deaths by heat shock or dehydration associated with ecstasy use.

It was thanks to the label Ministry of Sound in London and "Chillout Sessions" that the Chill Out became recognized as a separate category of electronic music in 2001.


PROVENANCE

ORIGIN


Ce genre est n dans les annes 90s dans les salles de chill-out des night clubs, destines faire que les danseurs se reposent entre deux passages dans la salle principale.

A lorigine, ces chill-out rooms montrent en popularit dans les clubs dAngleterre, notamment Manchester au Konspiracy, dans les annes 80s. Ces salles remplies de canaps et de cousins confortables, illumines de lumires psychdliques taient ambiances dune musique intentionnellement lente pour contraster avec la piste de danse.
Dailleurs en 1992, une loi en Angleterre obligea les clubs se pourvoir de ces chill-out rooms en rponse une augmentation des blesss graves et morts par choc thermique ou dshydratation lis la consommation decstasy.

Cest finalement grce au label du Ministry of Sound de Londres et ses Chillout Sessions que le Chill Out devint reconnu comme une catgorie part entire de musique lectronique en 2001.


It was the group of post-punk The Durutti Column that influenced the appearance of the genre in the 80s. But it will really be the group Higher Intelligence Agency who will make bring out Chill Out of its spaces dedicated to make it "main events", with their Oscillate Chill Party. Their music was then described as "exotic electronica".


In the 90s, The KLF brought out an album of Ambient House named "Chill Out", other numerous artists also used(wore out) the term "chill-out" in their titles.


Among the sub-genres of Chill Out, we count number of artists in their origin:
Wild Bunch (of Bristol) for Trip Hop, The Orb for Ambient House, Brian Eno for Ambient, Kruder and Dorfmeister for Downtempo, Miles Davis and Hernia Hancock for the Nude Jazz, Steven Halpern.


ARTISTES PRECURSEURS

PRECURSOR ARTISTS


Ce fut le groupe de post-punk The Durutti Column qui influena lapparition du genre dans les annes 80s. Mais ce sera rellement le groupe Higher Intelligence Agency qui fera sortir le Chill Out de ses espaces ddis pour en faire des main events , avec leur Oscillate Chill Party. Leur music tait alors dcrite comme exotic electronica .

Dans les annes 90s, The KLF sortit un album dAmbient House nomm "Chill Out", de nombreux autres artistes usrent galement du terme chill-out dans leurs titres.

Parmi les sous-genres du Chill Out, on compte nombre dartistes leur origine :
les Wild Bunch (de Bristol) pour le Trip Hop, The Orb pour lAmbient House, Brian Eno pour lAmbient, Kruder & Dorfmeister pour le Downtempo, Miles Davis et Hernie Hancock pour le Nu Jazz, Steven Halpern pour le New-age.


This genre arose in the 90s in the " rooms of chill-out " from night clubs, fates to make that the dancers rest between two passages in the main room.


Originally, this "chill-out rooms" rose in popularity in the clubs of England, in particular in Manchester in Konspiracy, in the 80s. These rooms filled with sofas and with comfortable cousins, illuminated with psychedelic lights were ambiances of a deliberately slow music to contrast with the dance floor.
Moreover in 1992, a law in England obliged clubs to provide with these chill-out rooms in answer to an increase of the badly wounded persons and died by thermal shock or dehydration connected to the consumption of ecstasy.


It is finally thanks to the label of Ministry of Sound of London and its "Chillout Sessions" that Chill Out became recognized as a full category of electronic music in 2001.


SOUS-GENRES

SUBGENRES


Le Trip Hop : principal sous-genre associ au Chill Out actuellement. N de la fusion du hip hop et de lelectronica (Slantmagazine Music Review, 2010). Il constitue le melting pot de plusieurs styles, ralliant la musique dambiance aux breakdown rythmiques de styles tels que le hip hop. On y retrouve galement des caractristiques de R&B, de Dub (rythmes de reggae) et de House. Le Trip Hop peut galement tre de nature trs exprimentale (sous lgide le lelectronica donc).


L' Ambient House : plus ancienne forme du Chill Out, puisquelle mergea dans les annes 1980s. Elle combine des lments de musique dambiance et dAcid House (cf. Chicago house). LAmbient House comprend dans sa forme typique un classique bass-drum de House ainsi que des pads de synths (longs accords diffus de synthtiseurs utiliss dans les passages calmes) et des samples de voix, le tout sintgrant dans un contexte de musique atmosphrique (Allmusic.com, 2011).


L' Ambient : la frontire de la musique, ce style, n dans les annes 1970s, diffre des autres formes de musiques de fond dans le fait quil a pour but de promouvoir lidiosyncrasie (la singularit) acoustique et atmosphrique, et dinduire le calme et de lespace pour penser (par opposition aux musiques de fond qui cherchent rendre lenvironnement plus vivant ). LAmbient se doit donc dtre as ignorable as it is interesting (Brian Eno, Music for Airports, 2011).
Il inclut cependant diffrentes sous-catgories :
- l Ambient industrial (au sens exprimental : beaucoup deffets et des samples trs varis),
- le Dark Ambient ( caractre discordant, pouvant inclure un lointain beat),
- le Space Ambient (voquant la contemplation de lespace, au sens large),
- l Isolationist Ambient (utilisant les rptitions, dissonances, microtonalits et mauvaises harmonies, pour crer un sentiment de malaise, de dsolation, souvent confondu au Post-Metal)
- l' Ambient Dub (sons reggae + ambient music)


Le Downtempo : quivalent de lAmbient, mais avec une boite rythme (un beat) ou un groove en plus. Comme son nom lindique, son tempo nexcde gure les 90 bpm.


Le Nu Jazz : n dans les annes 1990s. Regroupe toutes les formes de jazz qui incluent des lments provenant dautres styles musicaux (funk, soul, EDM). Les instruments traditionnels comme les plus exprimentaux peuvent tre employs. Cela rend le jazz plus fun (selon Tony Brewer, clbre joueur de baseball).


Le New-age : musique introduite dans les annes 1970s, utilise pour crer une atmosphre inspiratrice (artistique), de relaxation (yoga, massage), de mditation, ou de lecture. Il sagit donc dapaisement, en lien avec la spiritualit New Age. Ce style comprend des formes lectroniques comme acoustiques. Elle met en jeu des harmonies modales (simples) et consonantes en longs pads soutenus, des bruits de la nature et rcemment des parties vocales inspires des amrindiens, des tibtains ou de la mythologie scandinave (celtique).


Le Chillstep : 2011 est l'anne des premires apparitions du terme "chillstep", mais ce fut rellement depuis lapparition du Brostep (2008) que ce style commenca prendre son envol. De son nom, le (Chill/Step) apparat donc comme le rsultat d'une fusion entre la musique chill out et le Dubstep. Cette influence est ressentie par la contorsion des basses (type wobble) que l'on retrouve sur des tempos trs lents, de 110 130 bpm, o se mle de temps autre la prsence de voix lancinantes.


Le Post-dubstep : n en 2009 Londres, il est issu de la fusion entre la techno exprimentale, la deep house et lUK garage, tout en sinspirant de la dubstep pour crer une atmosphre planante et futuriste. Ce genre plutt exprimental (donc souvent appel "electronica"), se caractrise par un tempo plus lent que le Dubstep : de 130 135 bpm mais avec parfois un kick tombant sur chaque temps, pouvant donc tre considr comme une musique de danse. Il connait un certain panouissement depuis 2010.


La Chill Trap : genre apparu rcemment avec la monte en popularit de la Trap au sein de la musique lectronique. La qute naturelle doriginalit dans laquelle se lancent les producteurs, y compris de Trap, a men la naissance de cet agrable mariage entre les atmosphres apaisantes de lAmbient et les rythmes syncops et lents de la Trap. En dehors dune grande part lectronique provenant de l'Ambient, de nouveaux thmes y sont explors tels que : la musique indigne (fltes de pan etc), le Moyen Orient (luth, cithare), le latino (guitare pince, trompettes), la musique celtique (violons, cornemuses) On y retrouve donc souvent cette recherche de sonorits acoustiques originales nous loignant du tout synthtique de lEDM Trap. Si des paroles y sont prsentes, elles y seront chantes plutt que rappes.


Trip Hop : Main subgenre associated with Chill Out now. Born of "the fusion of hip hop and electronica" (Slantmagazine Music Review, 2010). It is the melting pot of different styles, rallying background music to the rhythmic breakdown of styles such as hip hop. It also includes features R & B, Dub (reggae rhythms) and House . Trip Hop can be very experimental in nature (led the electronica so.)


The Ambient House : oldest form of Chill Out, since it emerged in the 1980s. It combines elements of ambient music and Acid House (see Chicago house). The Ambient House includes in its typical form a classic bass-drum House as well as synth pads (long diffuse agreements synthesizers used in quiet passages) and voice samples, all integrated in a context of music "atmospheric" (Allmusic.com, 2011).


The Ambient on the border of the music, style, born in the 1970s, differs from other forms of "background music" in that it aims to promote idiosyncrasy (the singularity) noise and air, and induce calm and space to think (as opposed to background music that seek to make "more alive" environment). The Ambient must therefore be "as ignorable as it is interesting" (Brian Eno, Music for Airports, 2011).
However, it includes several subcategories:
- Ambient industrial (experimental sense: lots of effects and a variety of samples),
- Dark Ambient (on the discordant nature, which may include a distant beat)
- Space Ambient (referring to the contemplation of space, in the broadest sense),
- Isolationist Ambient (using repetition, dissonance, and bad Scale Tune harmonies to create a sense of discomfort, distress, often confused the Post-Metal)
- Ambient Dub (sounds reggae + ambient music)


Downtempo equivalent of Ambient, but with a drum machine (a beat) or a groove and more. As the name suggests, its tempo hardly exceeds 90 bpm.


Nu Jazz was born in the 1990s. Brings together all forms of jazz that include elements from other musical styles (funk, soul, EDM). Traditional instruments such as more experimental can be used. This makes the "more fun" jazz (as Tony Brewer, famous baseball player.)


New Age: music introduced in the 1970s, used to create an inspiring atmosphere (artistic), relaxation (yoga, massage), meditation or reading. This is so calming, in connection with New Age spirituality. This style includes electronic as acoustic forms. It involves modal harmonies (simple) and consonants in long sustained pads, sounds of nature and recently vocals inspired by Indian, Tibetan or Scandinavian mythology (Celtic).


Chillstep: 2011 is the year of the first appearances of "chillstep" but it was actually from the appearance of Brostep (2008) that this style began to take off. His name, (Chill / Step) appears as the result of a merger between the chill-out music and Dubstep. This influence is felt by contortion bass (wobble type) found on very slow tempos from 110 to 130 bpm, where blends from time to time the presence of haunting voice.


Post-dubstep: born in 2009 in London, he comes from the fusion of experimental techno, deep house and UK garage, while drawing inspiration from dubstep to create an atmosphere planing and futuristic. This rather experimental genre (so often called "electronica"), is characterized by a tempo more 'slow' the Dubstep: from 130 to 135 bpm but sometimes with a kick falling over each time, which can be considered as a music dance. He knows some development since 2010.


Chill Trap: genre recently appeared with the rise in popularity of the Trap in electronic music. Natural looking for originality in which embark producers, including Trap, led to the birth of this nice marriage between the soothing atmosphere of the Atmosphere and the syncopated rhythms and slow the Trap. Apart from a large electronic hand from the Ambient, new themes are explored, such as indigenous music (pan flutes etc ...), Middle East (lute, zither ...), the Latin (guitar pinch trumpets ...), Celtic music (violins, bagpipes) ... therefore it often finds this research sounds "acoustic" moving away from the original 'all synthetic' SHS Trap. If words are present, they will be sung rather than rapped.


ARTISTES MAJEURS

MAJOR ARTISTS


de Trip hop : DJ Shadow, Nicols Jaar, Massive Attack, Geaf Barrow, Tricky, Samaris, Rob Parker.


d' Ambient House : The Orb, Bondax, System 7, The KLF, Ultramarine, Boards of Canada.


d' Ambient : Brian Eno, Alphex Twin (prcurseus)
- en Dark Ambient : Sephiroth, Inade,.
- en Space music : Space Megalith, Hollan Holmes, Stellardrone.
- en Islationist Ambient : Mortiis, Seefeel.
- en Ambient Dub : Dreadzone, Loop Guru, Woob, Transglobal Underground, Banco de Gaia.


de Downtempo : Zero7, Ryksopp, Air, Sbastien Tellier, Nicols Jaar, The xx, Flume, Carbon Based Lifeforms.


de Nu Jazz : St. Germain, Jazzamor, Forss, Barrio Jazz Gang, DJ Cam, Waldbeck, Micatone, Parov Stelar.


de New-age : Enya, Kitaro, Era, Mike Oldfield, Vangelis, Jean Michel Jarre, Mars Lasar.


de Post-dubstep : James Blake, Blackmill, Sound Remedy, Day One, Skrux, Direct, Temporal, TwoThirds, Wobzor, Coma.


de Chill Trap : Troyboi, $aturn, SBMRGE, Skrux.


in Trip hop : DJ Shadow, Nicols Jaar, Massive Attack, Geaf Barrow, Tricky, Samaris, Rob Parker.


in Ambient House : The Orb, Bondax, System 7, The KLF, Ultramarine, Boards of Canada.


in Ambient : Brian Eno, Alphex Twin (prcurseus)
- in Dark Ambient : Sephiroth, Inade,.
- in Space music : Space Megalith, Hollan Holmes, Stellardrone.
- in Islationist Ambient : Mortiis, Seefeel.
- in Ambient Dub : Dreadzone, Loop Guru, Woob, Transglobal Underground, Banco de Gaia.


in Downtempo : Zero7, Ryksopp, Air, Sbastien Tellier, Nicols Jaar, The xx, Flume, Carbon Based Lifeforms.


in Nu Jazz : St. Germain, Jazzamor, Forss, Barrio Jazz Gang, DJ Cam, Waldbeck, Micatone, Parov Stelar.


in New-age : Enya, Kitaro, Era, Mike Oldfield, Vangelis, Jean Michel Jarre, Mars Lasar.


in Post-dubstep : James Blake, Blackmill, Sound Remedy, Day One, Skrux, Direct, Temporal, TwoThirds, Wobzor, Coma.


in Chill Trap : Troyboi, $aturn, SBMRGE, Skrux.