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Drum And Bass


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MORE ABOUT Drum And Bass

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DEFINITION

DEFINITION


Souvent abrvi DnB ou DnB, le Drum and Bass est un type particulier de Breakbeat, qui se distingue de tous les autres par sa rapidit (160 180 bpm) et son schma rythmique constant avec une grande attention porte aux basses (sub-bass), plus longues, plus graves.

Sa dfinition tant purement rythmique, ce genre peut arborer tous les courants mlodiques.


Often abbreviated DnB or D'n'B, the Drum and Bass is a special type of Breakbeat , which is distinguished from all others by its speed (160-180 bpm) and constant rhythmic pattern with great attention to low (sub-bass), longer and more severe.

Its definition is purely rhythmic, like this can fly all the melodic currents.


STRUCTURE GENERALE

GENERAL STRUCTURE


Le Drum and Bass, comme son nom lindique, est caractris par le schma rythmique des drums : snare (= bruits de la caisse claire) et cross-stick, et de la bass : grosse caisse et TR-808, sur un tempo rapide : 160 180 bpm.

Ce schma est quasiment toujours constant entre les morceaux et provient de la chanson Amen Brother, couramment appel l'Amen break :

||: POM TAH tss-ke-tss-ke-POM TAH tss-ke | POM TAH tss-ke-tss-ke-POM TAH tss-ke :||

Avec : POM = kick*
TAH : snare
ke = cross-stick (bruit produit par la percussion du bord de la caisse claire)
tss = hit hat* (Charleston ferme)
en gras = les temps.

(!) Attention aux confusions : tout morceau ayant ce mme schma rythmique mais un tempo plus lent (infrieur la limite de 155 bpm) nest PAS inclus dans le Drum and Bass mais dans le Breakbeat influence de drum and bass.


The Drum and Bass, as its name suggests, is characterized by the rhythmic pattern of drums: snare + cross-stick, and bass: kick and TR-808, on a fast tempo: 160-180 bpm.

This pattern is almost always the same one throughout all the DnB tracks: It comes from the song 'Amen Brother', that why it is commonly known as the Amen break:

||: POM ... TAH tss-ketss -ke-POM TAH tss-ke | POM ... TAH tss-ke tss -ke-POM TAH tss-ke: ||

With: 'POM' = kick*
'TAH' = snare
'ke' = cross-stick (sound produced by hitting of the metal edge of the snare drum)
'Tsk' = hit hat* (Charleston closed)
bold = tempo beats.

(!) Beware of confusions: any track with this very same rhythmic pattern but a slower tempo (below the limit of 155 bpm) is NOT included in the Drum and Bass but in the Breakbeat influenced by Drum and Bass.


PROVENANCE

ORIGIN


Le grand pre du Drum and Bass est n vers la fin des annes 80s, dbut des annes 90s, sous le nom de "rave music". Il sagissait alors dun mlange htrogne de samples de diffrentes musiques sur des samples de Breakbeat syncops. Ce genre se prcisa en saccentuant par de fortes basses avec un tempo plus rapide que la House naissante, cest--dire de 127 plus 140 bpm. On lappela alors la "hardcore" rave.

Ds 1991, cette hardcore rave permit au pre du Drum and Bass dapparaitre : le Jungle. Sa cration se fit travers lutilisation de samples de musique reggae jamaquaine sur du Breakbeat et avec de lourdes basses. Le jungle se diffusa rapidement notamment via les raves et les radios pirates en Angleterre. En 1994, il commena y gagner une forte popularit, au point dtre lorigine dun mouvement culturel part entire de la jeunesse britannique. Ce genre volua ensuite en incorporant des lments provenant dun plus large panel de genres musicaux et en gagnant en complexit au niveau des percussions.

Mais vers 1995, en raison dune forte association du Jungle la violence et aux activits criminelles de gangs (notamment au sain des paroles ou des samples choisis), certains producteurs de Jungle dcidrent de sloigner de linfluence reggae dans leurs compositions. Cest ainsi que ce nouveau style prit lappellation neutre de Drum and Bass.

On nota ensuite une volution dans la vitesse du tempo : 150 bpm en 1990 1991, puis sacclrant 155 165 bpm en 1993 avant datteindre ses plus hautes valeurs (170 180 bpm) en 1996. Mais peu aprs, certains producteurs recommencrent composer dans des tempos un peu moins rapides, autour de 150 -160 bpm, mme si la moyenne est 175 bpm, ce qui reste la marque de fabrique du genre.


The grandfather of Drum and Bass was born in the late 80s, early 90s, under the name of "rave music". He then was a heterogeneous mixture of different music samples on samples of Breakbeat syncopated. This kind took shape by accentuating strong bass with a faster than "Go to the House yew-tree" House nascent, that is to say, from 127 to over 140 bpm. It was then called the "hardcore" rave.

By 1991, the hardcore rave allowed the father of Drum and Bass to appear: the Jungle. Its creation was made ??through the use of samples of Jamaican reggae music Breakbeat Breakbeat with heavy bass. The jungle spread rapidly via such raves and pirate radio stations in England. In 1994, he began to gain a strong following, as to be at the origin of a cultural movement full of British youth. This kind then evolved by incorporating elements from a wider range of musical genres and gaining in complexity in percussion.

But around 1995, due to a strong association of Jungle violence and criminal gang activity (including the healthy words or selected samples), some producers Jungle decided to move away from the reggae influence in their compositions. Thus the new style took the neutral name of Drum and Bass.

We then noted a change in the speed of the tempo: 150 bpm in 1990-1991, and then accelerating to 155-165 bpm in 1993 before reaching its highest values ??(170-180 bpm) in 1996, but shortly after some producers began again to dial in a little slower tempos around 150 -160 bpm, although the average is 175 bpm, which is still the hallmark of the genre.


ARTISTES PRECURSEURS

PRECURSOR ARTISTS


Le morceau qui a eu la plus grande influence sur le rythme du Drum and Bass tel quon le connait aujourdhui, est le solo de batterie de la chanson : Amen Brother, de The Winstons (1969). Ce solo porte d ailleurs le nom d Amen Break.

Ce fut finalement du Funky Drummer de James Brown (1964) que fut tablie la base rythmique du Drum and Bass moderne.

Deux noms peuvent tre cits pour leur grande influence sur le Drum and Bass, ce sont : Kevin Saunderson pour les basses (Just Want Another Chance sous le nom de Reese, 1988) et Carl Craig pour les mthodes de sampling (Bug in the Bassbin, 1992).

Le Drum and Bass restant un style trs clectique, on peut en donner une liste des auteurs qui linfluencrent dans ses dbuts (sans compter quils furent allgrement sampls par la suite) : Grandmaster Flash, Roger Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Run DMC, Mac Dre, Public Enemy, Schooly D, N.W.A, Tupac Shakur, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos Def, Beastie Boys et the Pharcyde.

La vague moderne du Drum and Bass fut initie par des grands noms du genre tels que Pendulum ou Goldie.


The music that has had the greatest influence on the pace of Drum and Bass as we know it today, is the drum solo of the song: 'Amen Brother', The Winstons (1969). This solo door moreover the name of 'Amen Break'.

It was finally the 'Funky Drummer' by James Brown (1964) as the basic rhythm of modern Drum and Bass.

was established Two names may be cited for their great influence on the Drum and Bass, they are: Kevin Saunderson Bass ('Just Want Another Chance' - under the name of Reese, 1988) and Carl Craig for methods of sampling ('Bug in the Bassbin', 1992).

The Drum and Bass remaining a very eclectic style, we can give a list of the authors who influenced him in his career (not to mention that they were happily sampled thereafter): Grandmaster Flash, Roger Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Run DMC , Mac Dre, Public Enemy, Schooly D, NWA, Tupac Shakur, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos Def, Beastie Boys and the Pharcyde.

The modern wave of Drum and Bass was initiated by big names in the field such as Pendulum and Goldie.


SOUS-GENRES

SUBGENRES


- Le Funkstep : incorpore des lments provenant de la Funky House, de lElectro House et du Dubstep, notamment du Brostep avec sa "growling bass". Il sagit du courant de Drum and Bass le plus en vogue actuellement. Les intros de ses morceaux sont frquemment mlanges du Drumstep (cf. ci-dessous).


- Le Drumstep (cf. galement Dubstep) : combinaison rythmique de Drum and Bass et de 2-step provenant du Dubstep, ce qui rsulte en un mi-temps appliqu au beat classique de DnB. On dit d'ailleurs classiquement que le Drumstep est du "Brostep au tempo de Drum and Bass", c'est dire un 2-step 175 bpm, soit un tempo apparent de 87 bpm. Mais ce sous-genre isole rarement le Dubstep dsolidaris du DnB, on retrouvera donc gnralement une alternance des deux formes rythmiques au sein dun mme morceau. Et en effet le Drumstep plus tenance tirer vers le Brostep que les autres sous-genres de Dubstep, en raison de sa frquente utilisation de 'growling bass', mais on lui dcouvre une tendance plus mlodique et moins porte sur la profusion d'effets purement sonores propre au Brostep.


- Le Neurofunk (ou Jump-Up) : utilise des basses nergiques aux sonorits robotiques caractristiques. Il diffre cependant du Funkstep en cela que sa basse, bien que rappeuse et robotique, n'est pas wobble la manire d'une vraie "growling bass". Elle apparat plutt sous la forme d'une basse longue et tranante, glissant d'une note l'autre par de gros effets de filtre et de distorsion.


- Le Hardstep : syle plus hard , cest--dire dont les basses sont plus rappeuses, plus lourdes, proches de celles du Hardcore (joues sur les kicks), et une mlodie trs simple.


- Le Darkstep : se distingue par des percussions plus grasses et une ambiance gnrale obscure.


- Le Techstep : DnB agrment de deffets environnementaux et de samples de science-fiction (films ou jeux).


- Le Neurofunk : il sagit dune volution du Techstep, incorporant plus dlments, provenant notamment du jazz et du funk.


- L'Electrostep (ou Trancestep) : caractris par dpaisses percussions, des synths trs aigus et une trs forte compression de lensemble.


- Le Reggae DnB : Drum and Bass inspir par la musique dance reggae (downhall music).


- L'Ambient DnB : style plus doux, sous linfluence du Chill Out et de la soul. On y trouve donc de longs pads diffus ainsi que des paroles de soul planantes, le tout accompagn d'un lointain beat de Drum and Bass.


- Le Jazzstep (ou Jazzy jungle) : utilise les chelles rythmiques typiques du jazz ainsi que ses instruments de base.


- Le Liquid (DnB) : sous-genre caractris par un beat DnB trs fluide et peu percutant. Il en sort un style trs doux mettant en avant les accord intrumentaux et la mlodie, et en arrire plan la profusion de percussions propre au DnB. On pourrait presque l'inclure dans le Chill Out mais son tempo rapide et son histoire l'en cartent.


- Le Liquid funk : sous-genre dansant du DnB, compos dans une plus forte mesure de couches instrumentales et harmoniques que des samples quil va chercher principalement dans le jazz, la soul et le blues.


- Le Drumfunk (ou Choppage) : cest le drum and bass atmosphrique proprement parler, cherchant crer un son calme mais trs lectrique. Cela passe par des patterns de percussions particulirement complexes, et souvent jous seuls certains passages des morceaux.


- Le Sambass : alliage de samba (ou autres musiques latines) et de DnB, apparu au Brsil.


- Le Drillnbass : se caractrise par un double rythme drum and bass, syncop, indansable, avec des sonorits dambiance.


- Funkstep incorporates elements from the Funky House, the Electro House and Dubstep Dubstep , including Brostep with his "growling bass". This is the current Drum and Bass most in vogue. The intros of his songs are frequently mixed with Drumstep (see below).


- Drumstep (see also Dubstep): rhythmic combination of drum and bass and 2-step from Dubstep , resulting in a part-time applied to the classic beat of DnB. They say also that the classically Drumstep is the "Brostep tempo of Drum and Bass", ie 2-step to 175 bpm, a tempo of 87 bpm apparent. But this subgenre rarely isolated Dubstep Dubstep DnB detached from it therefore generally find an alternation of the two rhythmic patterns within a song. And indeed the more Drumstep tenancy to pull Brostep than other subgenres Dubstep , because of its frequent use of 'growling bass', but we find it a more melodic and less likely to reach the wealth of purely sound effects specific to Brostep.


- Neurofunk (or Jump-Up): uses low energetic sounding robotic characteristics. It differs from the Funkstep with its bass, although rapper and robotics, is not wobble in the manner of a true "growling bass". Rather, it appears as a long, drawling bass, sliding from one note to another by large filter effects and distortion.


- Hardstep : syle more "hard", that is to say that the bass is more rappers, heavier, similar to those of Hardcore (played on kicks), and a very melody simple.


- Darkstep is characterized by bolder percussion and a dark overall atmosphere.


- Techstep : DnB embellished with environmental effects and samples from science fiction (movies or games)


. - Neurofunk : This is an evolution of Techstep incorporating more elements, including from jazz and funk.


- The Electrostep (or Trancestep) characterized by thick percussion, high pitched synths and a very high compression all


. - Reggae DnB : Drum and Bass inspired by music 'dance' reggae (Downhall music)


. - The Ambient DnB : softer style, under the influence of Chill Out and soul. There are so long and diffuse lyrics soul trippy pads, all accompanied by the distant beat of drum and bass.


- Jazzstep (or Jazzy Jungle) uses typical rhythms of jazz scales and its basic tools


. - Liquid (DnB) subgenre characterized by a DnB beat very little fluid and powerful. He pulls out a very soft style highlighting intrumentaux agreement and melody, and in the background the profusion of specific DnB percussion. It could almost be included in the Chill Out but its tempo fast and its history diverge.


- Liquid funk . Subgenre of DnB dancing, consisting in a stronger position to instrumental and harmonic samples that it will look primarily in jazz, soul and blues layers


- Drumfunk (or Choppage): the atmospheric Drum and Bass to speak of, seeking to create a calm but very electric. That requires a particularly complex percussion patterns, and often played only in certain parts of the songs.


- Sambass : allies samba (or any other Latino-like music) and DnB, appeared in Brazil


. - Drill'n'bass features a dual drum and bass rhythm, syncopated indansable with surround sound.


ARTISTES MAJEURS

MAJOR ARTISTS


- de Funkstep : globalement presque tous les auteurs de dubstep/brostep composent galement du funkstep/drumstep en parallle ou au sein de leurs morceaux de dubstep, on peut noter nanmoins quelques puristes : Pendulum, Goldie, The Prototypes, Metrik, ShockOne.


- de Drumstep : FreQ Nasty, Spag Heddy, Zomboy, Pegboard Nerds, Tristam, EH!DE, SubVibe, Phuture Doom.


- de Jump-Up : DJ Hazard, Generation Dub (Original Sin & Sub Zero), Baron, Cabbie, Clipz, Nightwalker, Callide, Taxman, DJ Zen, Majistrate, Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, TC, Heist, DJ Pleasure, DJ Hype.


- de Hardstep : Dillinja (derniers titres), DJ Krust, Mampi Swift, Dieselboy.


- de Darkstep : Technical Itch, Dylan, Kryptic Minds & Leon Switch, B-Key, Resonant Evil, Infiltrata, SPL, Counterstrike, Evol Intent, The Panacea, Limewax, Current Value.


- de Techstep : Bad Company UK (DJ Fresh, D-Bridge, Maldini & Vegas) Ed Rush, Optical, Trace, Fierce and Nico, Konflict (Kemal & Rob Data), Dom & Roland, Dillinja, Ram Trilogy, Moving Fusion, Decoder & Substance, Digital & Spirit, Future Cut, Dylan, Klute and Concord Dawn.


- de Neurofunk : Ed Rush & Optical, Matrix, Bad Company UK, Cause 4 Concern, TeeBee, Future Prophecies, Black Sun Empire, Calyx, Hive, Gridlok, Noisia, Phace & Misanthrop, Silent Witness & Break, State Of Mind, The Upbeats, Chase & Status, Spor, Psidream, Catacomb, Rregula.


- d Electrostep : John B, Camo & Krooked, Fred V & Grafix, DJ Fresh, Netsky, Sub Focus, Friction, Dirtyphonics.


- de Reggae DnB : Shy FX & T Power, Congo Natty, Potential Bad Boy, Marcus Visionary, Serial Killaz, Benny Page.


- d Ambient DnB : Photek, Jack Smooth (Basement Records), Blame, LTJ Bukem.


- de Jazzstep (ou Jazzy jungle) : Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, Peshay, Alex Reece, DJ Dextrous.


- de Liquid (DnB) : Stan SB, Feint, Maduk, Keeno.


- de Liquid funk : Calibre, Marcus Intalex, Eveson, Alix Perez, Zero T, Lenzman, Spectrasoul.


- de Drumfunk (ou Choppage) : Breakage (early work), Seba, Paradox, E-Z Rollers, J.M.J., The Successful Criminals.


- de Sambass : DJ Marky, XRS, DJ Patife, Bryan Gee's.


- de Drillnbass : Squarepusher, Aphex Twin, Will O Wisp, -Ziq, Phoenecia.


- in Funkstep : globalement presque tous les auteurs de dubstep/brostep composent galement du funkstep/drumstep en parallle ou au sein de leurs morceaux de dubstep, on peut noter nanmoins quelques puristes : Pendulum, Goldie, The Prototypes, Metrik, ShockOne.


- in Drumstep : FreQ Nasty, Spag Heddy, Zomboy, Pegboard Nerds, Tristam, EH!DE, SubVibe, Phuture Doom.


- in Jump-Up : DJ Hazard, Generation Dub (Original Sin & Sub Zero), Baron, Cabbie, Clipz, Nightwalker, Callide, Taxman, DJ Zen, Majistrate, Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, TC, Heist, DJ Pleasure, DJ Hype.


- in Hardstep : Dillinja (derniers titres), DJ Krust, Mampi Swift, Dieselboy.


- in Darkstep : Technical Itch, Dylan, Kryptic Minds & Leon Switch, B-Key, Resonant Evil, Infiltrata, SPL, Counterstrike, Evol Intent, The Panacea, Limewax, Current Value.


- in Techstep : Bad Company UK (DJ Fresh, D-Bridge, Maldini & Vegas) Ed Rush, Optical, Trace, Fierce and Nico, Konflict (Kemal & Rob Data), Dom & Roland, Dillinja, Ram Trilogy, Moving Fusion, Decoder & Substance, Digital & Spirit, Future Cut, Dylan, Klute and Concord Dawn.


- in Neurofunk : Ed Rush & Optical, Matrix, Bad Company UK, Cause 4 Concern, TeeBee, Future Prophecies, Black Sun Empire, Calyx, Hive, Gridlok, Noisia, Phace & Misanthrop, Silent Witness & Break, State Of Mind, The Upbeats, Chase & Status, Spor, Psidream, Catacomb, Rregula.


- in Electrostep : John B, Camo & Krooked, Fred V & Grafix, DJ Fresh, Netsky, Sub Focus, Friction, Dirtyphonics.


- in Reggae DnB : Shy FX & T Power, Congo Natty, Potential Bad Boy, Marcus Visionary, Serial Killaz, Benny Page.


- in Ambient DnB : Photek, Jack Smooth (Basement Records), Blame, LTJ Bukem.


- in Jazzstep (ou Jazzy jungle) : Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, Peshay, Alex Reece, DJ Dextrous.


- in Liquid (DnB) : Stan SB, Feint, Maduk, Keeno.


- in Liquid funk : Calibre, Marcus Intalex, Eveson, Alix Perez, Zero T, Lenzman, Spectrasoul.


- in Drumfunk (ou Choppage) : Breakage (early work), Seba, Paradox, E-Z Rollers, J.M.J., The Successful Criminals.


- in Sambass : DJ Marky, XRS, DJ Patife, Bryan Gee's.


- in Drillnbass : Squarepusher, Aphex Twin, Will O Wisp, -Ziq, Phoenecia.